Training materials

Here we provide a range of training materials that can be used to support capacity and capability building in participatory design and community engagement in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH).

The Standard Operational Procedures (SOPs) in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) are alternative methods for treating household water in the contexts of Angola and Cameroon. These aim to facilitate communication and discussions with public, private and non-profit sector organisations that can support communities in implementing safer options for water treatment in their contexts. There are advantages and disadvantages to each one of these methods. For instance, treatment with chlorine does not eliminate all pathogens and long-term use is not recommended. The Solar Water Disinfection (SODIS) method is an effective way of eliminating pathogens when compared to chlorine but may produce a limited volume of treated water. Despite the disadvantages, the SOPs are an important stepping stone as treating the water significantly reduces the risk of disease. Some of the resources mentioned in the SOPs are made available to local communities by local organisations, such as NGOs. The viability and feasibility of methods are critical to ensuring the adoption by local communities. Therefore, the most appropriate method for water treatment needs to be defined in dialogue with communities, understanding potential challenges in implementing those beforehand and crafting solutions that are suitable for them considering their livelihood diversity, environmental and socio-cultural aspects.

The SOPs are freely available in Portuguese and English.

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